#include <stdlib.h>

int mblen(const char *s, size_t n);


Partially implemented


IEEE Std 1003.1-2017


If s is not a null pointer, mblen() shall determine the number of bytes constituting the character pointed to by s. Except that the shift state of mbtowc() is not affected, it shall be equivalent to:

mbtowc((wchar_t *)0, s, n);

The implementation shall behave as if no function defined in this volume of POSIX.1-2017 calls mblen().

The behavior of this function is affected by the LC_CTYPE category of the current locale. For a state-dependent encoding, this function shall be placed into its initial state by a call for which its character pointer argument, s, is a null pointer. Subsequent calls with s as other than a null pointer shall cause the internal state of the function to be altered as necessary. A call with s as a null pointer shall cause this function to return a non-zero value if encodings have state dependency, and 0 otherwise. If the implementation employs special bytes to change the shift state, these bytes shall not produce separate wide-character codes, but shall be grouped with an adjacent character. Changing the LC_CTYPE category causes the shift state of this function to be unspecified.

The mblen() function need not be thread-safe.

Return value#

If s is a null pointer, mblen() shall return a non-zero or 0 value, if character encodings, respectively, do or do not have state-dependent encodings. If s is not a null pointer, mblen() shall either return 0 (if s points to the null byte), or return the number of bytes that constitute the character (if the next n or fewer bytes form a valid character), or return -1 (if they do not form a valid character) and may set errno to indicate the error. In no case shall the value returned be greater than n or the value of the MB_CUR_MAX macro.


The mblen() function may fail if:

  • EILSEQ - An invalid character sequence is detected. In the POSIX locale a EILSEQ error cannot occur since all byte values are valid characters.



Known bugs#


See Also#

  1. Standard library functions

  2. Table of Contents